HAZRAT GHOUSE-UL-AZAM DASTAGEER ABDAL QADIR JEELANI(R.A)
SAYYIDUNA SHAYKH ABDUL QADIR al-JILANI
(May Allah sanctify his secret)
This great saint was born in the month of Ramadaan in 470 A.H. (1077 - 78) in a region called Al - Jil in Iran. The saint is popularly known as al Ghawth al a'zam. It is said that 1100 children were born in the city of Jil on that day and with the barakah of the birth of this saint all these children became great saints and leaders of their time.
His mother Ummul - Khayr Fatima bint al Shaykh Abdullah Sumi was from the line of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through his grandson Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him). His father Sayyid Abu Salih Musa is a descendent of Imam Hasan (radiallahu anhu).
The Shaykh went to Baghdad at the age of 18 to acquire education and studied and qualified in approx. 9 years. Twenty five years were then spent in the desert and wilderness undergoing strict religious and spiritual training and at about the age of 50 years the Shaykh returned to Baghdad for the guidance of Muslims.
The extensiveness of his teachings can be ascertained from the fact that over 80 000 people used to attend his lectures. His teachings and effect on society was so great that he was given the title of "Muhiyyuddeen"- Reviver of religion. His miracles are legendary, and he is revered as the greatest saint of our time. The venerable Shaykh left this world on the 11th of Rabi al Thaani. The history of the Shaykh is well known. We have merely given an overview of his biography. However, we have selected a few of his blesses statements to introduce the reader to this great saint's works. May we all be blessed by his honourable personality Ameen. Hereunder follower excerpts from some of his published works.
The Secret of Secrets (Sirr al Asrar) translated into English by Shaykh Tosun Bayrak al - Jerrahi al Halveti.
Futuh al Ghayb
Wealth of the Seekers (Ghunyat al Talibin) translated into English by Shaykh Tosun Bayrak al - Jerrahi al Halveti.
The Sublime Revelation (Al Fath ar - Rabbani) translated into English by Muhtar Holland.
1.The Secrets of Secrets
(Translated into English by Shaykh Tosun Bayrak al - Jerrahi al Halveti)
Dear Friend, Your heart is a polished mirror. You must wipe it clean of the veil of dust which has gathered upon it, because it is destined to reflect the light of divine secrets. (P. XLIVII)
All peace and blessings be upon his beloved Prophet Muhammad, who was taught not by Man, but by him. He is his last Prophet, the last link in the chain of Prophethood who was brought to a world gone astray, the most honoured among his Prophets, honoured by the most honoured of divine books. His progeny are guides for seekers, his companions were chosen among the good and benevolent. May abundant peace and blessings be upon their souls.(P XLXIII)
Yahya ibn Muadh al Razi, may Allah sanctify his secret, says, 'The beloved of Allah are the perfume of Allah upon this world, but only the true, sincere believers have noses to smell them.' They smell that beautiful perfume; they follow that smell. That perfume creates a yearning in their hearts for their Lord. (P. 16)
The intimate of Allah is he who has brought himself to nothingness. Only then can he see the existence of truth. There is no will left in him to choose. There is no 'I' left other than the only existence, which is the truth. (P. 17)
Saints who are intimate with Allah have to travel through at least a thousand stages, the first of which is the door of miracles. (P. 17)
As the great saying goes,' Your existence is such a sin that all other sins are small in comparison with it.' The wise have often claimed that many good deeds done by good men who have not reached the level of Allah's intimacy are no better than the errors of those who have come close to Allah. (P. 35)
Our Master the Prophet (peace be upon him) describing the believer who achieves truth through remembrance says, 'Believers do not die. They only pass from this temporal life to the everlasting life'. And they do there what they did here. As he says, 'The prophets and the ones close to Allah continue their worship in their graves as they did in their houses.' The worship he mentions here is inward supplication of Allah, not the prayer obligatory five times a day in this world, with its standing, bowing and prostration. Inward supplication is one of the principal qualities identifying the true believer. (P. 48)
Shaqiq al Balkhi, may Allah sanctify his secret, says, 'There are five signs of righteousness: a gentle disposition and a soft heart, shedding tears of regret, ascetism and not caring about the world, being unambitious, and having a conscience. (P. 62)
Our Master the Prophet (peace be upon him) says: 'My state of utter need, my poverty, is my pride.' The utter need and love of Allah is the basis for the search of the dervish. The state of poverty which, is the pride of our Master is not the poverty of the lack of the worldly. It is the abandonment of everything but the wish for the Essence of Allah. (P. 67)
2.The Sublime Revelation
Knowledge together with action will bring you close to the Knower who sends down knowledge from above. If you act in accordance with this wisdom, which is the primary knowledge, the fountain of secondary knowledge will also gush forth upon you. (P. 28)
Reflect on the work of art and you may attain to the artist. (P. 32)
The treasures of piety include the concealment of secrets, of misfortunes, of illnesses and of charitable giving. Give charity with your right hand, and try to make sure that your left hand knows nothing about it. (P. 33)
The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is reported as having said: The harshest punishment Allah inflicts on his servant is the quest for what has not been destined for him. (P. 55)
Do not be deceived by these learned men who are ignorant of Allah. All their learning counts against them, not in their favour. They are learned in the laws of Allah, but ignorant of Allah himself. They give people orders which, they themselves do not carry out, and forbid them to do things from which they themselves do not abstain. They summon others to their Lord of Truth, but they flee from him. They rebel and sin against him flagrantly. I have their names recorded, and written down and listed. (P. 85)
As the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) has said: Love Allah for providing you with his blessings, and love me because of the love Alah has for me. (P. 149)
When you speak, speak with a good intention and when you are silent, be silent with a good intention. If anyone does not make the intention before the deed he is not accredited with the deed. (P.185)
O Allah, inspire us with our right guidance, and grant us refuge from the evil of our own selves. Make us preoccupied with You to the exclusion of everyone apart from you. Separate us from every separation that separates us from you. Inspire us to remember You, to be grateful to you, and to worship You well.
One of the wise is reported as having said:"The real meaning of pious devotion (taqwa) is that if you were to gather up everything that is in your heart, set it on an uncovered tray, and then walk all around the market with it, there would be nothing there to make you feel in any way embarrassed. (P. 348)
The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is reported as having said: In every specialised craft, you should seek the help of a qualified expert.
The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is recorded as having said: Part of the excellence of a man's Islam is paying no attention to that which does not concern him. (P. 406)
Surely you have heard His saying (Almighty and glorious is He) in one of his books: When someone is too busy remembering Me to ask Me for anything, I give him the best of what I give to those who ask. (P. 298)
As Allah has said in one of His utterances: I am the boon companion of one who remembers Me (P. 298)
He has also said: I am with those who are broken - hearted on account of Me. (P. 298)
There is no escape from trial and tribulation, especially for those who make pretentious claims. Were it not for tribulation and trial, many people would lay claim to saintship. This is why a certain wise man said: 'Tribulation has been put in charge of saintship, so that it cannot be pretended.' One of the marks of the saint is his patience with the insults of creatures and his tolerant attitude toward them. (P. 354)
Someone asked him "Which is more intense, the fire of fear or the fire of yearning ?"
To this he replied: The fire of fear in the case of the seeker and the fire of yearning in the case of the sought. The former is one thing, and the latter is something else. Which of the two fires do you experience, O questioner?